The following points explain the nature of leadership: 1. People may be developed for one task, but not developed for another. Two dimensions of leader behaviour were identified: Consideration is “behaviour indicative of friendship, mutual trust, respect, and warmth in the relationship between the leader and the members of his staff.”, Initiating structure is “the leader’s behaviour in delineating the relationship between himself and members of the work group and in endeavoring to establish well-defined pattern of organisation, channels of communication and methods of production.”. Leadership styles depict combination of freedom and authority in varying degrees. No common set of traits can be identified to relate to a leader who can be effective in all situations. This short guide is intended to do just that - to review what you do and The change process can be smoothly carried out by overcoming factors that produce resistance to change. If a person doesnât know how to communicate with his team members effectively, he can never be a good leader. Great leaders inspire others. The goal is attained by mutual cooperation and cohesive behaviour. It was something given, or assumed, that could be taken away. By 1950, over around 100 studies were conducted to identify the leadership traits. (b) The group which had leaders with employee-centred approach produced more than the group with production-oriented approach. Introduction to leadership essay: – There are many definitions of leadership. As Victor Vroom puts, “I do not see any form of leadership as optimal for all situations. This style is used when the leader tells his employees what he wants and how he wants it done, without seeking the support of followers. Both organisation and people work for the interest of each other. If leader works with a group in which competence for the task is low and where people do not take responsibility and do not function as a cohesive team, the most appropriate style would be the directive type. Leaders play important role in shaping the culture and ethical agenda of the organisation. The employees know their jobs and want to become part of the team. This is the power of leader derived by virtue of his position in the organisation. where L = Leadership; I = leader; f = follower; s = situation. Democratic style of leadership has the following merits: The followers contribute to organisational goals not only because they are committed to do so but also because they are mentally and psychologically involved in attainment of these goals. It is the power to give rewards in the form of bonus, increments, promotion etc. The willingness, enthusiasm and confidence that leaders build in the followers for accomplishment of individual and organisational goals results in their growth and development. While innate traits are acquired by birth, acquired traits are developed through training programmes and socialisation process. As illustrated by Kelley (1998), effective followers are thinkers; energetic and assertive, self-starters, independent problem solvers, and carry out their tasks with these characteristics (p. 143). b. They studied leader behaviour towards these work groups. The rating was based on liking or disliking of working with others in the group measured along factors like pleasant-unpleasant, friendly-unfriendly etc. The leader allows his team to decide how the task will be done and who will perform which task. Management is a part of an organization. It represents somewhat predictable actions of leaders which followers can predict in specific situations. Here … Leaders realign their organisations with employees, customers, shareholders, suppliers, regulators and the communities in which they operate. The leader adopts a task-oriented leadership style. He creates forces of synergy and converts individual output into collective output. 2. He discusses the task related matters with them and creates friendly environment at the work place. The theory suggests that leader can influence employees’ behaviour by understanding their needs, nature of task, liking for superiors, co-workers and work, organisation structure and helps them reach the goals by adopting the appropriate leadership style. Leaders show moderate trust and confidence in subordinates and subordinates are also, therefore, loyal towards the superiors. Managerial grid has the following implications: a. A leader has the quality to not only lead a group, but a good leader also keeps a constant eye on his followers so that his troops donât slip from the track. Followers assume personal responsibility for the activities assigned to them and feel motivated to perform them successfully. Employee-related functions that aim at keeping the employees satisfied. When followers bestow confidence in leaders, leaders’ expert and referent power increases which further increases interaction between them and the followers. This is the most effective style of leadership where leaders show high concern for people and task. Every man doesnât have leadership skills. Such a system leads to form informal groups whose goals are contrary to goals of the management. Use all Three: Telling employees that a procedure is not working correctly and a new one must be established (authoritarian). Leaders cannot operate in isolation and groups cannot do away with leaders. I believe that Essay on Leadership # Theories of Leadership (Essay 5) Some of the popular theories of leadership are: (i) Trait Theories: Trait is the personal quality of an individual. Robert House identified dominance, self-confidence, need for influence and conviction of moral righteousness as traits of effective leaders. Democratic leadership can be diagrammatically represented as follows: Leaders give responsibility of setting goals and devising means to achieve them to the group members. Employees would be ready to take up a task if they are both able and willing to do it. Leaders promote team work, change their attitude towards work, develop good human relations, facilitate interaction amongst members and maintain discipline in the organisation. Leaders also have someone above them to whom they report. A leader in an organization motivates the employees to reach the goal. (a) Leaders do not participate in the group working. Tannenbaum and Schmidt’s Leadership Continuum. Fiedler identified two leadership styles, task-oriented and human relations-oriented. In the long-run, it may lead to dissatisfaction and frustration amongst workers. Each style of leadership has varying degrees of concern for people and tasks. They no longer want the leaders to direct them regarding how to do the work or to support them in discharging their functions. A committed leader always finds value and purpose in his organization and shares that commitment with his other team members. Structured task is divided into well-defined units, people know their responsibility and accountability. It describes the degree to which followers have faith and confidence in the leader. Control continues to vest at the top though some control is shared with managers at middle and lower levels. Leader gives moral support to employees. Here are some leadership qualities that a good leader must have: –. Meaning of Leadership 2. All organizations, especially law enforcement agencies, require leadership. The skill of the leader affects all the system of the organization by their team members. High degree of confidence, trust and loyalty is shown by superiors towards subordinates and vice versa. As a result of the readings/videos, assignments, and discussions I was enlightened that situational factors can a strong effect on leadership. A good captain can lead his army/troops easily towards victory. Introduction to leadership essay: – Leadership is a special quality that canât be found in every person. This questionnaire was called Leader Opinion Questionnaire (LOQ). File Format. The Principles of Police Leadership Essay. Leadership in organization is nothing but an attitude that empowers an individual in the team to lead from the top, middle or bottom of an organization. Subordinates accept them as leaders because they perceive them as sources of satisfying their social and psychological needs besides the formal organisational needs. In this situation, it is easy for the leader to exercise control over fellow workers. A good leader uses all three styles, depending on what forces are involved between the followers, the leader and the situation: 1. The trait theory suffers from the following limitations: (a) Relationship between traits and leadership cannot be verified. Conclusion of Leadership Essay â According to Warren Bennis âLeadership is the capacity to translate vision into realityâ. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organisation to make it cohesive and coherent. A leader is not expected to know everything â this is why he employs knowledgeable and skillful employees. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The leader’s role is to provide recognition and actively listen and facilitate problem-solving and decision-making by followers. Conclusion to leadership Essay: – It is not easy to be a good and successful leader. First of all, Leadership refers to the quality of leading people. Leaders maximise output by setting structured work environment and minimum attention is paid to human needs and their satisfaction. Essay on leadership: – Leadership is a special quality or skill that is possessed by very few people in this world. It was generally felt that in military organisations, leaders ranking high in initiating structure were more successful; in business organisations, leaders ranking high in consideration were more successful. The motivational forces are fear, threats and punishments (i.e., negative motivation) which extract bare minimum output from the workers. If the leader has more position power (legitimate power), it is easy for him to exercise control over subordinates. They also help the followers to achieve the targets. View Leadership essay.pdf from MANAGEMENT 300 at Bahria University, Islamabad. Findings similar to Iowa Studies were observed in Michigan Studies also. The style to be adopted by the leader depended on the scores on the LPC (least preferred co-worker) scale. Use delegate style with workers who know more about the job than the leader. Are relationships based on respect and trust or on disrespect? (This is the favourable situation for leaders). No single style of leadership was considered to be the best. Content Filtration 6. Authority exercised by the leader, and. ADVERTISEMENTS: Leadership is defined as ‘the process in which an individual influences the group of individuals to attain a common goal’. They are prepared to accept instructions of the leader and prefer to do what leader tells them to do. In general, this approach leaves the team with little direction or motivation. However, it is not possible for them to do so. The global environment continues to evolve in a fast-moving pace and competitive world it poses challenges to leadership and management roles. Hope, the students from different standards get benefited from this essay. Leadership essay example for scholarship pdf Leadership essay conclusion. Account Disable 12. An educational institution, a charitable organisation, military organisation, hospital or a family at home require leadership sometime or the other. If the group members are highly competent and can take responsibility and are capable of functioning as an effective team (working together and solving problems), the most appropriate style for the leader would be the delegating type. Whether or not followers are willing to take additional responsibility, whether or not they find the work interesting, to what extent they willingly subordinate individual goals in the interest of organisational goals and how much they participate in the decision-making processes, are some of the factors that leaders consider before adopting a leadership style. You have entered an incorrect email address! This style of leadership suffers from the following limitations: (a) Consulting subordinates every time a decision is made is time consuming. Using this style is of mutual benefit â it allows employees to become part of the team and allows the leader to make better decisions. Rather, these two behaviours depicted four leadership styles: (a) High consideration – High initiating structure, (b) Low consideration – Low initiating structure, (c) High consideration – Low initiating structure. A good democratic leader encourages participation and delegates wisely, but bears the responsibility of leadership. Leaders motivate the employees by allowing them to participate in the decision-making processes. It’s not necessary that each member of a team will have the same approach, but imbibing a positive attitude in each of them can put an idea to life, regardless of the difficulty. In such cases, they are called benevolent autocratic leaders. Depending on these three factors, the theory developed a leadership continuum with task-oriented, autocratic leadership style at one end of the continuum and employee-oriented democratic style at the other end. 2. They prefer skills, knowledge, and experience rather than a certificate which states the achievement of finishing a course or a university degree. This develops their decision-making abilities and increases organisational productivity. If all members of the group work in coordination, supportive or participative style is adopted. Rensis Likert’s Systems of Management: Rensis Likert and his associates studied leadership styles (employee-oriented and production-oriented) by studying leader behaviour in business and non-business organisations, like medical and Government organisations, at the University of Michigan and concluded that: “Supervisor with the best records of performance focus their primary attention on the human aspects of their subordinates’ problems and on endeavoring to build effective work groups with high performance goals.”. High level of maturity (M4) is shown by employees. How leadership is necessary for different fields, Some leadership skills or qualities in points, Leadership Qualities â Must have qualities of a great leader, Essay on importance of education in our life, Step by Step Guide on How to learn Calculus Easier, Demonetisation Essay and Article – It’s Impacts on the society. The main goal of educational leadership or leadership in education is to strengthen the quality of education. Skills and abilities, social factors, emotional stability, interpersonal skills to deal with people, technical skills to manage the operations, motivating skills to drive people to action are the acquired skills. (4) 5,5 Middle of the road or organisation man management: In this style of leadership, leaders satisfy both, organisational (production) and human needs through moderate concern for production and people. They are not appointed by managers. One of the pioneering studies in situational theories is made by Robert Tannenbaum and Warren H. Schmidt. Major decisions are made at the top and some routine decisions are taken at the lower levels. They believe as maturity level of employees increases, leadership style also varies. Probably, it is one of the most important aspects of life. There are some other leadership styles too such as situational leadership, transactional leadership, transformational leadership, and strategic leadership. As a whole leadership plays a vital role in the success and development of an organization. Employees performing unstructured tasks (where activities performed by the subordinates are not clear), want the leaders to guide them about how to perform those tasks, and, therefore, task-oriented or directive leadership behaviour is more appropriate. Essay Amazon Jeff Bezos Leadership Style and 90,000+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers. It closely supervises employees’ performance. The ability to identify and work within the boundaries of one’s strengths and weaknesses. The teachers are considered the founder of educational leadership. They should develop healthy relations with informal leaders and use them to fulfill the social and psychological needs of subordinates and through it, formal needs of the organisation. Read this essay to learn about Leadership. A person can be a good leader if he has characteristics like popularity, confidence, intelligence, social and inter-personal skills etc. He exercises minimum efforts to get the work done and group members perform the work themselves. Leadership in organization: – An organization canât be imagined without a leader. (b) Employees’ potential is exploited to the fullest extent. Leadership in Organization OR Organizational Leadership â In Organizational Leadership, the leader motivates the people to a higher level of performance by setting up goals for both individuals and for a group of peoples. The diagrammatic representation of these styles is as follows: This style deals with people who have low level of maturity; who do not readily take responsibility for a particular task. If the leader relates rewards with performance, he can effectively exercise leadership for attainment of organisational goals. This is improvement over system 2 style of management. Democratic leaders, for example, are generally not effective if they adopt task-oriented behaviour. Superiors show some confidence in their subordinates. Effective followers also are characterized by their ability to perform tasks with Leadership is important because of the following reasons: Leaders support their followers by assembling organisational resources and help them accomplish their tasks and meet the standards of performance. It varies according to the requirements of the situation. It can enforce formal rules and regulations. Personal Leadership and Profile Essay The first part of becoming a great leader is becoming conscious of self by identifying your strengths and weaknesses. (c) It inhibits the innovative power of workers as they do not participate in the decision-making processes. He can take a quick decision as per situation demands. Though no specific list of traits can be identified with leaders, different theories offer perceptions about what traits are possessed by leaders. It does not fit into a leader’s profile. Employee-oriented style aims to complete the task through friendly behaviour towards the followers and allowing them to participate in the decision-making processes. This essay in leadership is composed by taking in mind different examination criteria. I mention Hesse and Journey to the East for two reasons. Personality characteristics include intelligence, dominance, confidence etc. Asking for their ideas and input on creating a new procedure (participative). Simply listing your positive qualities and presenting yourself as a fantastic … Type of task â structured, unstructured, complicated, or simple? Trait theory believes that successful leader has certain personal characteristics. If leader seeks the opinion of members, it will only worsen the matters as environment conducive to participative decision-making is absent. c. Leadership Styles related to maturity level of employees: Relationship between leader behaviour and maturity level of employees gives rise to styles of leadership. ‘Women in leadership’ is a phenomena that has obtained many attention over the past couple of years. They are highly motivated to achieve their targets and are directed by self-control. Thus, there is no best style of leadership appropriate for all situations. Using their traits as parameters for defining who is just learning the.! – there are many definitions of leadership 1-2 sentences ) should grab reader! 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